A lot of people have probably heard about glaucoma, which is basically a type of disease that damages the optic nerve.
Once the nerve is damaged, you’ll start to experience vision loss which is sadly permanent.
What’s worse is that a lot of people don’t really take notice of this early and when they finally do realize something’s wrong, the damage is already done.
So How do you get glaucoma?
What Causes Glaucoma
Even though science has advanced a lot in the last decades, it seems that doctors don’t really understand why the disease actually occurs.
However, what they do know is that it actually involves a decrease blood flow or mechanic compression to the optic nerve.
Even though in most cases high eye pressure is one of the main causes of glaucoma, it seems that even people with normal pressure can develop the disease.
Types of glaucoma: Normal tension glaucoma
This is a very tricky type of glaucoma when it comes to becoming aware of it or diagnosing it.
That’s because even though the tension in your eyes is going to be normal, the optic nerve will still be damaged.
The doctors aren’t sure why this happens, but they do offer a few explanations, saying that it could be due to the fact that less blood is supplied to the optic nerve or because the individual has a sensitive optic nerve.
In the case of a limited blood supply, fatty deposits start to build up in the arteries, which results in an impairment of the blood circulation.
Angle closure glaucoma
This type of glaucoma occurs when your iris bulges forward and blocks or narrows the drainage angle that’s formed by your iris and cornea.
Because of that, your eye pressure is going to increase because fluid cannot circulate normally through your eyes.
This type of glaucoma may occur gradually or suddenly and when it does, it’s best that you see a doctor right away.
Open angle glaucoma
The most common type of glaucoma is open angle glaucoma.
Anyone who suffers from this specific type of the disease will experience a progressively higher eye pressure with each day. Since the pressure is so high, it eventually damages the optic nerve.
What’s worse is that if you suffer from it, you’ll lose your vision without even being aware that you suffer from glaucoma.
Hopefully these explanations will answer your question of “How do you get glaucoma” and help you diagnose and treat it before it’s too late.